Lieber Society on the Law of Armed Conflict Documents

  • Lieber Notes Newsletter


    Since 2007, the Lieber Society on the Law of Armed Conflict, an interest group of the American Society of International Law, has annually recognized a paper
    that significantly enhances the understanding and implementation of the law of war (also known as international humanitarian law, IHL). The Richard R. Baxter
    Military Prize is awarded for exceptional writing in English by an active member of the regular or reserve armed forces, civilian employees of an armed force/
    Ministry of Defense (or Department of Defense for the United States), or military service veterans, regardless of nationality.

    The Prize. The winner will receive a certificate confirming that he or she has
    won the 2022 Lieber Society Richard R. Baxter Military Prize and a one-year
    membership in the American Society of International Law (ASIL). The judges may
    also recommend additional persons to receive Lieber Society Richard R. Baxter
    Military Prize Certificates of Merit.

    Request for Assistance. Any person receiving this Call for Papers who is aware
    of exceptional writing that meets the qualifications of this competition is
    requested to nominate the paper directly to the Lieber Society and forward this
    Call to the author of that paper.

    Definition of the Law of War/IHL. For this competition, the Law of War/IHL is
    that part of international law that regulates the conduct of armed hostilities.
    Papers may address any aspect of the law of war/IHL, including, but not limited
    to, the use of force in international law; the conduct of hostilities during
    international and non-international armed conflicts; protected persons and
    protected objects; the law of weapons; rules of engagement; treatment of
    detainees, to include interrogation procedures; and occupation law. Papers
    addressing practical problems confronting members of the armed forces are

    Qualifications for entering the competition. Persons submitting papers do
    not have to be ASIL members. They may be citizens of any nation, but they must
    be an active member of the regular or reserve armed forces, a civilian employee
    of an armed force/ Ministry of Defense (or Department of Defense for the United
    States), or military service veterans, regardless of nationality.

    Papers that may be entered. Papers submitted in this competition must be in
    English (or translated into English if written in another language). Paper length
    may not exceed 35 pages if written with single line spacing or 70 pages if written
    with double line spacing, including footnotes. Paper size must be either 8.5 x 11
    or A4, with all margins at least one inch and at least 12-point font. A
    bibliography is not required. Both papers that have been published and papers
    that have not been published will be considered for the Baxter Prize. The paper
    should have written/published no earlier than the year prior to the award year,
    meaning for the 2022 Baxter Prize, papers should have been written or published
    in 2021.

    Number/Type of Submissions. Sole and joint authored papers are eligible, but
    every author must meet the eligibility requirements. Authors may submit one (1)
    sole and one (1) joint authored paper.

    Redact author information. To facilitate anonymous judging to the greatest
    extent possible, please ensure that the author’s name and personal identifying
    information are removed or redacted from the submission. In the email to which
    the submission is attached please provide the following author information:
    1) Full name and military rank or rating (former rank for veterans, or civilian
    2) Current e-mail addresses and current telephone number.
    If a person other than the author is making the submission, it must also contain
    the above data for the person submitting the paper.
    Deadline for submitting papers. Papers for the 2022 competition must be
    received no later than 7 January 2022.

    Use of email to submit papers. Electronic submission is required in Adobe
    format (.pdf) or Microsoft Word (.doc). Submissions should be sent to the Baxter
    Military Prize Coordinator, Dr. Christopher E. Bailey, at The subject line should read “Baxter Prize

    Acknowledgement of submissions. All submissions will be acknowledged by email.
    Announcement of winner. The winner and any persons receiving Certificates
    of Merit will be announced at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of
    International Law in Washington, DC, April 6-9, 2022.

    Disclaimer. This announcement is being sent for information purposes to
    notify personnel of events of common interest sponsored by a non-federal
    entity. This announcement does not constitute an endorsement of the Lieber

  • The Spring 2021 edition of the Lieber Code Newsletter is now available!

  • Lieber Notes Volume 5, Issue 4

  • Please enjoy the third edition of our Lieber Notes.

  • Berkeley panel on stopping war crimes before they happen, March 28, 2016.