||Scott Lyons, the author of this Insight, calls the formation of the African Court on Human and Peoplesí Rights "possibly a watershed moment in human rights enforcement in Africa." Eleven judges were sworn in on July 2, 2006 at a summit of African leaders in Banjul, The Gambia
Lyons gives a brief summary of the long history of negotiations, which began in 1961. After a rundown on the composition and procedures of the new court, he compares it with two counterparts: the European and Inter-American human rights courts. He concludes by discussing the possible impact now that "there is a competent judicial body to address the many human rights instruments promulgated in Africa without identified judicial mechanisms."